This correspondence course is designed for beginning estimators in the contract glazing business. It is intended to provide the beginner with many of the basic facts about the materials used as well as a basic systematic approach to estimating metal, glass and labor. The Blueprint Reading and Labor Estimating Course is now available in both hard copy and CD-ROM format.
During glass manufacturing, fabrication and installation, products are carefully handled to prevent surface and edge damage. Materials are packaged to provide protection during shipment and delivery. Once finished materials are placed on a construction site, they become exposed to a variety of conditions and influences that can adversely affect product aesthetics and functionality. Irreparable glass damage can occur from improper storage and handling, exposure to chemicals and leaching agents, prolonged exposure to moisture, mechanical attack and breakage, damage related to adjacent construction activities and improper cleaning methods. This document discusses why steps must be taken to avoid permanent damage to glass.
Building codes often require, and/or modern architectural designs specify, glazing materials that provide enhanced performance levels of security and safety. These performance properties include: resistance to ballistics, blast, hurricane/cyclic wind pressures and physical attack. Glazing applications may also specify such properties as sound reduction, fade resistance, and solar and thermal control. Because laminated glazing materials are able to meet such requirements and design criteria, they are finding application in a broader range of installations than ever before. The use of laminated glazing in residential and commercial installations has led to inquiries by design professionals and specifiers regarding the reaction of public safety officials to these products. This document is intended to inform building owners, design professionals, and specifiers about emergency ingress and egress considerations when using these products.
The Glass Association of North America (GANA) Tempering Division Engineering Standards Manual includes current technology and standards for heat-strengthened and fully tempered glass products. This manual is designed to assist manufacturers/fabricators and users of heat-treated glass, engineers, architects, architectural specifiers and consumers.. The documents in the manual have been reviewed and updated by section task groups, the Standards and Engineering Committee and members of the GANA Tempering Division.
The GANA Fabrication, Erection & Glazing Hours Manual provides a format for the estimation of fabrication and labor hours for architectural glass and glazing storefront and standard wall systems. Note: This document is available electronically in pdf format only.
This manual is a compilation of the first 20 GANA Glass Informational Bulletins, from the initial Bulletin released in 2000 to the first 2 released in 2008. Provided in a single, nicely bound edition, this manual provides the reader a single printed source for the first 20 of these documents written for the industry by the technical experts within the Glass Association of North America.
The GANA Glazing Manual is recognized as the definitive source in the glass and glazing field. This manual includes complete information about primary and fabricated glass products, quality standards, design considerations, general and specific glazing guidelines and glazing in hazardous locations. Formerly published by the Flat Glass Marketing Association (FGMA), this manual is frequently referred to as the "industry bible."
Decorative glass products have become important components of the architectural landscape. They contribute to the architecture and design requirements of interior and exterior applications for residential, commercial and industrial projects. In order to preserve the quality and integrity of decorative glass products and to ensure their long-term performance, fabricators, glazing contractors, related sub-contractors (e.g. millwork contractors) and building owners should follow appropriate procedures during handling, fabrication, installation, and cleaning. The guidelines within this document are intended to inform and assist those who fabricate, use and maintain decorative glass products.
These guidelines address the determination of the compatibility of glazing sealants and glazing materials with the IG unit edge seal for a particular building project specification and test methods used.
This document has been developed for the purpose of providing a guideline to installing preassembled unit skylights onto a roof. The intent of this standard is to educate by providing clear illustrations and concise commentary on the principles involved to ensure good installation practice.
This is an in-depth discussion of curtain wall installation procedures including architects’ concerns and responsibilities. Contractors’ responsibilities are also addressed. Manual reviews details and steps to take for proper installation to assure good curtain wall performance.
The reflective surface of a mirror is a thin film of pure metallic silver. Although well protected by paint, the silver film remains vulnerable to corrosion if exposed to chemicals or excessive moisture. This document provides some important installation recommendations. Strict adherence to these dos and don’ts will help protect the silver from corrosion and prolong the life of the mirror.
The GANA Laminated Glazing Reference Manual presents useful information, technical and performance data and the installation guidelines for laminated glass products. The 2009 edition includes the latest information on laminating interlayers, as well as in-depth discussions of the applications of laminated architectural glass including: safety, solar control, ultraviolet radiation, sound control, security, sloped glazing & skylights, wind storms & hurricane resistance, and earthquake resistance. Updates on laminated glass strength, cutting, handling and installation are highlighted. This edition also features the up-to-date listing of standards applying to laminated glass.
Modern architectural designs are requiring the installation of glazing materials that are capable of performing in multi-peril situations. These applications typically require levels of protection well beyond those of basic safety glazing. As such there has been unprecedented advancement in the types, configurations and complexities of glazing materials currently utilized in architectural applications. Because of the tremendous increase in the recognized performance of glass and other glazing, the concern over properly identified components of a fenestration assembly has also increased. Currently, there are several industry guidelines that assist the frame manufacturer in the proper labeling of framing systems, but very little guidance is available for the glazing that is placed inside the frame, referenced as the “infill”. The purpose of this informational bulletin is to provide guidance and hopefully some clarity to the various permanent marks or manufacturers designations currently being applied and/or required for the glazing infill of a fenestration assembly.
These advisory guidelines address the importance of good glazing practices and are intended for use by those who design, specify, manufacturer and install insulating glass units. These guidelines address glass types, framing, glazing clearances, setting blocks, spacer shims, glazing materials, glazing systems, receiving, storage & handling, glass protection & cleaning for both commercial and residential applications.
The GANA Project Managers Reference Manual provides procedural guide references that begin with the estimating and contract processes, the establishment of the project team, and continue through installation and project close-out. The GANA Building Envelope Contractors Division developed this manual based on many years’ experience in the industry. Emphasis is placed on finishing a quality project that adheres to industry standards. The 2005 edition is the inaugural version of this manual. Click here to see the table of contents for this manual.
The new GANA Sealant Manual provides guidelines for the selection and application of sealants used in exterior and interior glass and glazing installations. Manual sections include causes of sealant failures, structural glazing and glazing accessories.
The use of skylights and sloped glazing systems continues to grow in popularity as architects and building owners use these fenestration systems to bring natural daylight further into homes, schools, medical facilities, commercial offices and retail stores. In order to ensure human safety and long-term performance of skylights and sloped glazing systems, construction workers, maintenance professionals and others must be aware that the systems typically are not designed or intended to be used as walking surfaces. This document discusses safety concerns with walking on these types of surfaces.
This practice provides guidance for the proper installation of windows with mounting flanges or nail fins into buildings with stud frame construction. It includes details of anchorage, flashing and sealing window installations to guide the user. It also includes information on preparing the building opening for window installation.
This practice covers installation of retrofit windows in residential buildings of no more than four stories in height, from pre-installation procedures through post-installation procedures. It provides minimum requirements and covers typical installations and generic details.
This standard practice addresses the installation of windows and exterior glass doors (including Hinged and Sliding Glass Doors) which are installed in commercial buildings. It includes information pertaining to both new construction and replacement projects.
This standard practice covers the installation of windows in new construction utilizing a membrane/drainage system of no more than 3 stories in height and the installation process for windows from pre- to post-installation. This standard practice also provides minimum requirements for window installation based on current best practices. This practice applies to windows which employ a mounting flange or fin that is attached and sealed to the window perimeter frame and is designed as an installation fastening appendage.
This standard practice covers the installation of frontal-flanged windows into buildings with surface barrier wall construction (masonry/concrete) of no more than three stories in height and applies to frontal flanged windows which employ an integral or applied flange that is attached and sealed to the window perimeter frame and is designed as an appendage that will cover a previously-installed buck and/or integrate with a pre-cast sill. This standard practice covers the installation process for windows from pre- to post-installation; it does not include fabrication techniques that would be required to join individual windows to each other, either horizontally or vertically.
All types of architectural glass can be hazardous when broken. Glass can break after installation due to accidental impact, severe weather events, vandalism or improper glazing conditions as well as for other reasons. Regardless of the type of glass, broken glass can pose a risk of injury and property damage. This document outlines suggested procedures for dealing with broken glass.
Shop drawings, for glass and aluminum windows, curtain walls and skylights, must document and detail all requirements of design parameters, material ordering, fabrication and erection. Failure to properly document these requirements can result in numerous errors and project delays. In order to provide a reminder of key elements of successful shop drawings, members of the GANA Building Envelope Contractors (BEC) Division developed this list of the Top Ten items commonly missing from fenestration systems shop drawings.
This test method covers the procedure for an oven-type test of sample 6” X 6” insulating glass units exposed to glazing compounds or other materials which could contact units on the unbranded elastomeric edge seal.